Not very many live in New Zealand relative to its land area. The green area of this map represents the parts of the country where no-one lives within square kilometer!
Now let compare that to at density populated country of a similar size, Japan. New Zealand an Japan are close in terms of area but Japan, according to the UN World Populations Prospects as of July 2005, had a population density of 336 people per square kilometer!
Now if we look at the population density of New Zealand we see that there are about 15 people per square kilometer. (Data from New Zealand Statistics)
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